The moose (Alces americanus) is a large deer species found in North America and Siberia. Some sources indicate that they are the same species as the Eurasian elk, Alces alces, but a different subspecies.
Moose are the largest species of deer and can stand from 4.5 to almost 7 feet high. They weigh 440-1,500 pounds with males being heavier. Males have large, wide antlers covered with a layer of skin called velvet. Moose are covered with thick brown fur ideal for cold climates.
The moose inhabits boreal forests with moist conditions. They feed on bark, roots, twigs, and shoots. In the summer, they feed on various aquatic vegetation.
Moose mate in September or October. Polygamous, the largest males may mate with several females. After gestation period of 8 months, a single calf is born, or sometimes twins if food is abundant. The young are weaned at 5 months and stay with their mother for a year. They are ready to breed at 4 or 5 years of age.
The moose is listed as least concern by the IUCN. Hunting does not severely impact their populations, and they are tolerant of secondary habitats.